The effectiveness of secondary and tertiary care lifestyle intervention in morbidly obese patients: a 1-year non-randomized controlled pragmatic clinical trial
Gjevestad, E., Karlsen, T. I., Røislien, J
In this non-randomized clinical pragmatic trial, we aimed to compare the effectiveness of an outpatient intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) programme conducted in a tertiary care obesity rehabilitation centre with an outpatient moderate lifestyle intervention (MLI) programme at a secondary care obesity centre. Effectiveness was measured in terms of the 1-year effect each programme had on body weight, physical activity and health-related quality of life (HRQL). A total of 232 morbidly obese subjects were recruited to the ILI group and 140 to the MLI group, with retention rates of 78% and 44%, respectively. The ILI group had a significantly larger mean (95% confidence interval [CI]) weight loss than the MLI group, 11% (9%, 12%) vs. 2% (1%, 6%), P < 0.001, and a larger proportion of completers attaining ≥5% weight loss (71% vs. 33%), P < 0.001. Compared with the MLI group, the ILI group achieved a significant larger mean (95% CI) increase in the physical dimension of HRQL 6.9 (4.4, 9.3), P < 0.001, the mental dimension of HRQL 4.4 (1.4, 7.4), P = 0.018 and in the emotional dimension of HRQL 17.8 (12.8, 22.6), P < 0.001. There were no significant differences in terms of changes in physical activity. Compared with MLI, ILI was associated with significantly larger weight loss and better HRQL.
See this paper on the web (membership may be required)